> Possible malfunctions of a running gear and methods of their elimination. Daewoo Matiz (since 1997 of release)
Daewoo Matiz since 1997 of release
1. The general data
2. Maintenance service
3. The engine
4. Transmission
5. A running gear
5.1. Possible malfunctions of a running gear and methods of their elimination
5.2. A forward suspension bracket
5.3. A back suspension bracket
5.4. Tyres and wheels
5.5. Adjustment of installation of wheels
6. A steering
7. Brake system
8. Systems of heating, ventilation and air-conditioning
9. A body electric equipment
10. A body
11. Schemes электроборудования
 







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5.1. Possible malfunctions of a running gear and methods of their elimination

Possible malfunctions of a running gear and methods of their elimination are resulted in tab. 5.1.

Table 5.1     Possible malfunctions of a running gear and methods of their elimination
The possible reason
Elimination method
Preliminary checks
Check up pressure in tyres and uniformity of deterioration of tyres
Finish to demanded pressure in tyres
Check up on easing or deterioration hinges from a steering shaft to an intermediate shaft
Tighten coupling bolts of a connecting flange
Check up on easing or deterioration hinges from an intermediate shaft to the steering mechanism
If necessary replace an intermediate shaft
Check up on easing or damage of details forward and back suspension brackets, the steering mechanism and hinges
Tighten bolts and nuts of fastening of forward and back suspension brackets
Tighten bolts of fastening of an arm of the steering mechanism
If necessary replace forward and back suspension brackets
If necessary replace the steering mechanism
If necessary replace a connecting flange
Check up ovality of tyres
Execute check at free rotation of a wheel
If necessary replace tyres
Check up tyres on a disbalance, deformation of a wheel and deterioration or easing of bearings of a wheel
Отбалансируйте wheels
Replace wheels
Replace wheel bearings
Check up a belt of a drive of the pump of the amplifier of a steering
Pull a belt of a drive of the pump of the amplifier of a steering
Check up system of the amplifier of a steering and level of a liquid of the amplifier of a steering
Eliminate leaks
Check up the steering amplifier
Add a liquid in system of the amplifier of a steering
Withdrawal / дергание the car
Wrong selection of tyres or the tyre of different type
Replace tyres
Breakage or spring deflection
Replace a spring
The corner of installation of forward wheels is broken
Adjust a corner of a convergence of forward wheels
The displaced steering mechanism
Reinstall the steering mechanism in gathering
Replace the steering mechanism in gathering
Jamming of forward brakes
Adjust forward brakes
Non-uniform or excessive deterioration of tyres
Adjustment of corners of installation of forward and back wheels is broken
Adjust corners of installation of forward and back wheels
Excessive convergence
Adjust a convergence corner
Breakage or reduction of rigidity of a spring
Replace a spring
Balancing of tyres is broken
Отбалансируйте tyres
Amortisation racks are worn out
Replace amortisation racks
Wrong rotation of tyres
Change a direction of rotation of tyres
If necessary replace tyres
The car is overloaded
Do not overload the car
Low pressure of tyres
Finish to demanded pressure in tyres
The worn out tyres
Wrong convergence
Adjust a convergence corner
The bent or bent lever of a suspension bracket
Replace the lever
Angular (cross-section) fluctuation of a wheel
The neotbalansirovannaja tyre or wheel
Отбалансируйте the tyre or a wheel
Work of an amortisation rack is broken
Replace an amortisation rack
Angular fluctuation, jolting or vibration
Tyre or wheel disbalance
Отбалансируйте the tyre or a wheel
Excessive palpation of a nave of a wheel
Measure люфт a nave flange
If necessary replace a nave
Excessive disbalance of a brake drum or disk
Adjust brakes
If necessary replace a brake disk or a brake drum
Deterioration of tips of steering draughts
Replace tips of steering draughts
Disbalance of wheels
Отбалансируйте a wheel
Deterioration of the spherical hinge
Replace the lever and the spherical hinge in gathering
Excessive palpation of a wheel
Measure wheel palpation
If necessary replace a wheel
The excessive loaded radial palpation of the tyre and wheel in gathering
Establish correctly picked up tyres and wheels in gathering
Hard steering (without the steering amplifier)
Lack of greasing of spherical hinges, steering draughts and the steering mechanism
Grease spherical hinges, steering draughts and the steering mechanism
If necessary replace the lever and the spherical hinge in gathering, steering draughts and the steering mechanism
Adjustment of corners of installation of forward wheels is broken
Adjust a corner of a convergence of forward wheels
Maladjustment of the steering mechanism
Adjust the steering mechanism
Hard steering (with the steering amplifier)
Maladjustment of a preliminary tightness of a steering
Adjust a preliminary tightness of the bearing рейки on the car
Leak from hydraulic system
Check up pressure of a liquid in system of the amplifier of a steering
If necessary replace epiploons and hoses
Easing of fastening of the steering mechanism
Tighten bolts of fastening of an arm of the steering mechanism
Too big люфт in a steering
Deterioration or easing of bearings of a wheel
Tighten a nut of a shaft of a drive
If necessary replace the wheel bearing
Easing of fastening of the steering mechanism
Tighten bolts of fastening of an arm of the steering mechanism
Maladjustment of a preliminary tightness of a steering
Adjust a preliminary tightness of the bearing рейки on the car
Easing of connections or deterioration of the hinge from a steering shaft to an intermediate shaft
Tighten connecting coupling bolts
Easing of connections or deterioration of the hinge from an intermediate shaft to the steering mechanism
If necessary replace an intermediate shaft
Bad recoverability of a steering wheel in average position
Jamming in spherical hinges
Replace the lever and the spherical hinge in gathering
Jamming in a steering column
Grease a steering column
If necessary replace a steering column
Adjustment of corners of installation of forward wheels is broken
Adjust a corner of a convergence of forward wheels
Maladjustment of a preliminary tightness of a steering
Adjust a preliminary tightness of the bearing рейки on the car
Shaft jamming
Grease the steering mechanism in gathering
If necessary replace the steering mechanism in gathering
Extraneous noise in a forward suspension bracket
Jamming in the hinge of an intermediate shaft
Replace an intermediate shaft
Damage of components of a suspension bracket
Replace the damaged components of a suspension bracket
Deterioration of plugs of the lever or tips of steering draughts
Replace plugs of the lever or tips of steering draughts
Stabilizer easing
Fix the stabilizer
Easing of nuts of fastening of a wheel
Tighten nuts of fastening of a wheel
Easing of bolts or nuts of fastening of a suspension bracket
Tighten bolts or nuts of fastening of a suspension bracket
Easing of caps of wheels
Fix caps of wheels
Deterioration of an amortisation rack or shock-absorber fastenings
Replace an amortisation rack
Tighten nuts of fastening of the shock-absorber
Wrong arrangement of a spring of the shock-absorber
Arrange a shock-absorber spring properly
Deviation or bad controllability
Wrong selection of tyres or different tyres on one axis
Replace tyres
Deterioration of an amortisation rack
Replace an amortisation rack
Stabilizer easing
Fix the stabilizer
Breakage or spring deflection
Replace a spring
Maladjustment of a preliminary tightness of a steering
Adjust a preliminary tightness of the bearing рейки on the car
Adjustment of corners of installation of forward and back wheels is broken
Adjust corners of installation of forward and back wheels
Unstable steering at braking
Deterioration or easing of bearings of wheels
Replace wheel bearings
Breakage or spring deflection
Replace a spring
Leak from a support
Replace a support
Deformation of disks
Replace disks
Wrong angle of slope of a rack
If the angle of slope of a forward rack exceeds the established size, check up a body, if necessary make repair
Low or non-uniform road clearance of the car
Breakage or spring deflection
Replace a spring
The car is overloaded
Do not overload the car
Loss of elasticity of a spring (spring deposit)
Replace a spring
Driving too soft
Deterioration of an amortisation rack
Replace an amortisation rack
Breakage or spring deflection
Replace a spring
Driving too rigid
Defective amortisation racks
Replace an amortisation rack
Defective spring
Replace a spring
Cross-section list or cross-section fluctuations of a body
Easing of fastening of the stabilizer
Fix the stabilizer
Deterioration of an amortisation rack or shock-absorber fastening
Replace an amortisation rack
Tighten nuts of fastening of the shock-absorber
The car is overloaded
Do not overload the car
Breakage or spring deflection
Replace a spring
Suspension bracket deposit
Deterioration of an amortisation rack
Replace an amortisation rack
The car is overloaded
Do not overload the car
Breakage or spring deflection
Replace a spring
Steering wheel return (with the steering amplifier)
Air presence in system of the amplifier of a steering
Remove air from system of the amplifier of a steering
Easing of fastening of the steering mechanism
Tighten bolts of fastening of an arm of the steering mechanism
Easing of connections or deterioration of the hinge from a steering shaft to an intermediate shaft
Easing of connections or deterioration of the hinge from an intermediate shaft to the steering mechanism
Tighten connecting coupling bolts
If necessary replace an intermediate shaft
Easing of tips of steering draughts
Tighten tips of steering draughts
If necessary replace tips of steering draughts
Easing or deterioration of bearings of a wheel
Tighten a nut of a shaft of a drive
If necessary replace wheel bearings
Дергание or pushes on a steering wheel (with the steering amplifier)
Low pressure in system of the amplifier of a steering
If necessary replace epiploons and hoses
Slow operation of the valve of the steering mechanism (insufficient efficiency of the amplifier of a steering)
Clean the steering mechanism in gathering
If necessary replace the steering mechanism in gathering
Easing приводного a belt of the amplifier of a steering
Adjust a tension приводного a belt of the amplifier of a steering
The jarred on tyres
Adjustment of corners of installation of forward and back wheels is broken
Adjust corners of installation of forward and back wheels
Deterioration of an amortisation rack
Replace an amortisation rack
Easing or deterioration of bearings of a wheel
Tighten a nut of fastening of a drive of a shaft
If necessary replace wheel bearings
Excessive palpation of the tyre or wheel
Establish well picked up tyres
If necessary replace tyres
If necessary replace wheels
Deterioration of spherical hinges
Replace the lever with the spherical hinge in gathering
Maladjustment of a preliminary tightness of a steering
Adjust a preliminary tightness of the bearing рейки on the car

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5. A running gear
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5.2. A forward suspension bracket