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2.2. Replacement of engine oil and the oil filter
Periodic replacement of oil and the oil filter — the most important preventive procedure of maintenance service. While in service engine oil grows old — becomes liquid and polluted that conducts to premature deterioration of the engine.
Always use quality of oil above, than API SJ or the recommended engine oil. Designation SJ can be shown separately or in a combination with other designations: SJ/CC, SJ/CD etc.
Viscosity of engine oil influences economy of the expense of fuel and work in cold conditions. Low viscosity of engine oil can provide the best economy of fuel and engine work in cold conditions. However engine work in hot conditions demands high viscosity of engine oil for maintenance of normal greasing. Use of the engine oils, which viscosity differs from viscosity of the recommended oils, can cause engine failure.
Oil replacement spend right after trips on the engine which has not cooled down yet that oil flew down together with pollution is better.
Lift the car on the lift or establish the car in horizontal position on a viewing hole.
Replace engine oil (including the filter) in a following order:
- Stop the engine, wait some minutes that oil has flown down in the pallet;
Fig. 2.2. A stopper arrangement маслоналивной mouths (1) and stoppers plum of engine oil (2)
- Uncover 1 (fig. 2.2
- Place the container for oil gathering under маслосливным an aperture and unscrew a stopper 2. If it is necessary, press a stopper when unscrew that oil did not proceed prematurely, merge engine oil;
- When oil completely will flow down, wipe oil round a drain aperture and screw in a stopper plum of oil with a new sealing ring and tighten its moment 30—40 Н·м.
Replace the oil filter in a following order:
- Remove the case of the air filter and the resonator;
- Turn out bolts and remove a thermofilter;
- Turn out the screw of fastening of a cover of the pump of the amplifier of a steering and take away forward a hose of the amplifier of the helmsman;
Fig. 2.3. An arrangement of the oil filter (1)
- Unscrew the oil filter (fig. 2.3
). If the filter unscrews hardly, use a special key 09915-47341.
- Wipe an installation site of the oil filter and screw in the new oil filter. Grease with fresh engine oil a sealing ring of the new oil filter and screw the oil filter before contact of a lining to the block of cylinders then tighten the filter on 3/4 turns.
Fill in in the engine oil of the corresponding mark.
Start up the engine, allow to it to work some minutes. Check up, whether there are no leaks of oil round the filter and a stopper of a drain aperture on the pallet. The control lamp of pressure of oil can burn some seconds (while oil will not fill all system of greasing).
Stop the engine and wait some minutes that oil has flown down in the pallet. Check up level of oil and add, if it is necessary. Check up reliability of an inhaling of a stopper.